Types of Retirement Plans for Individuals in 2023

While it can be thrilling to imagine your retirement, many find building your nest egg overwhelming.

There are many retirement plans available. There are many retirement plans available. A long-term financial plan is the best way to feel confident in your retirement savings. You should also have a fiduciary financial professional on your team.

This article will provide a guide on the most popular retirement account types, their workings, and who they might be best for.

It is difficult to choose the best savings vehicle. When you're planning your retirement, there are many factors to consider: your age, your income and the ideal tax-optimization strategy. These are common retirement plans and criteria that you should consider.

Tip: Use our free personal finance tools to help you plan your retirement. Personal Capital's Retirement Planner is a good place to begin. It will help you evaluate your retirement readiness and pinpoint areas that need improvement.

1. Traditional 401k

The 401k is one of the most well-known and popular investment tools. It's an employer-sponsored retirement plan that allows you to save tax-free for retirement.

Continue reading What's a 401k, anyway? – A Comprehensive Guide

Traditional 401k contributions are made using pretax dollars. This reduces your taxable income, and allows your contributions to grow tax-deferred up until retirement.

The contribution limit for 2022 is $20,500 (222,500 in 2023), while individuals 50 years and older may contribute an additional $6,500 (7,500 in 2023).

Employers might offer a profit sharing or employer match program, where they contribute a percentage to your 401k plan. Employers may have different vesting requirements. For example, if you are employed for a specific number of years, employers can use that. Contributions made by your employer can be 100% vested immediately. This means that you have full control of the money once it has been applied to your 401k account. To receive the match benefit from your employer, your employer may require that a percentage or a certain amount of your salary be contributed to your401k. You should contribute at least that amount.

To avoid penalties when withdrawing contributions from your retirement plan, consult your financial advisor. Withdrawals from 401ks made before the age of 59 1/2 are subject to a 10% penalty and ordinary income taxes, which are taxed at the highest marginal rate. There are some IRS exceptions to the early withdrawal penalty. However, withdrawing money from your 401k before the age of 59 1/2 or 72 (for Required Maximum Distributions) is not recommended.

Ideal for: A traditional 401k plan is a good option if you believe you will be in lower marginal tax brackets when you withdraw funds in retirement.

2. Roth 401k

Some employers offer an Roth401k option to employees in addition to traditional 401k plans. Roth 401k contributions, which are made with after-tax money, provide tax-deferred growth and tax-free withdrawals, as long as the rules are followed.

Roth 401k users have the same options as traditional 401ks. They can contribute up $20,500 in 2022. Individuals over 50 may also contribute an additional $6,000.

Individuals who withdraw from their Roth 401k before turning 59 1/2 could be subject to a 10% withdrawal penalties on a portion. A Roth 401k is subject to Required Minimum Distributions (RMD), which are mandatory starting at 72.

Ideal for: Roth 401k accounts can be funded with after-tax dollars. This retirement account is ideal for people who think they are in a lower tax bracket than they will in the future. Individuals aged 59 1/2 and older can use a Roth 401k account to avoid paying taxes on withdrawals. They can also continue growing their accounts tax-free. You can also avoid RMDs by rolling your plan into a Roth IRA once you are 59 1/2 years old or no longer work for the employer. Roth accounts can be a powerful legacy planning tool.

3. Traditional IRA

Are you sure that your 401k contributions are maxed? Is your employer offering a 401k or matching program? An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) is a great option for you and your retirement goals if this is the case.

Traditional retirement accounts are retirement accounts you open yourself (not through your employer) and that you fund with eligible earned income.

You can contribute to an IRA even if your employer has a 401k plan. You should be aware of the income limitations for contributions.

Individuals can contribute up $6,000 in 2022 (if you're 50 or older) or $6,500 (2023 if you're 50 or older).

Your income level may affect whether you are eligible to deduct some or all of your contributions.

  • Joint filers can get a full deduction up the limit of the employer-sponsored retirement plan if neither spouse is eligible.
  • You can claim a partial deduction if you file as a single, or head of household, and your employer-sponsored retirement plan covers you. If your income in 2023 is $73,000 to $83,000, you can claim a partial deduction. Single filers with a MAGI greater than $83,000 in 2022 are not eligible for a deduction.
  • You can deduct the entire amount if you are married or a widow(er) and you file jointly under an employer-sponsored retirement program. If your income in 2023 is between $116,000 to $136,000, you can claim a partial deduction. If you earn more that $136,000 in 2023, there is no deduction.
  • Married filing separately can be eligible for a partial deductible if your MAGI falls below $10,000

In general, all withdrawals from a traditional IRA are subject to both federal and state income tax. As with traditional 401ks a 10% penalty is applied to any withdrawals made before the age of 59 1/2. There may be exceptions so make sure to consult your financial advisor before you withdraw from your IRA.

Ideal for: Traditional retirement accounts are best for people who have exhausted their 401k plans and don't have access to employer-sponsored retirement plans. IRAs offer more investment options, such as individual stocks or ETFs. However, the 401k plans might only have a limited number of funds.

4. Roth IRA

Roth IRAs are different from traditional IRAs. They offer tax-deferred growth, and no taxes for withdrawals when the right circumstances apply. Roth IRA contributions can't be deducted from income taxes.

Contributions to a Roth IRA can be made even if you have a traditional IRA or 401k plan. You should know that if you make contributions to both a Roth IRA and a traditional IRA, the yearly limit applies to both. The total contribution cannot exceed the limit.

These are the contributions limits you can make in 2023.

  • Single tax filers with a 2023 MAGI less than $138,000 will have the ability to contribute up to $6,500. If you are 50 years old or older, your contribution limit will increase to $7,500. Single filers with MAGI between $138,000 to $153,000 will see the contribution limit gradually reduce. Roth IRA contributions are not available for those with MAGIs greater than $153,000.
  • If your 2023 MAGI falls below $218,000, married couples filing jointly can contribute up to $6,500 per year. The maximum annual amount for those 50 years and older is $7,500 For married couples with a MAGI of between $218,000 to $228,000., the Roth IRA contribution limit begins to decrease and is phased out. Those with a MAGI of more than $228,000 are not eligible to contribute to a Roth IRA.
  • Married couples who file separate reports and have a MAGI greater than $10,000 will not be eligible for a Roth IRA. Contributions at a lower level will be available to those with a MAGI of less than $10,000.
  • If a tax filer reports as head or married filing separately but has not lived with their spouse for the past year, they will be allowed to follow the rules and limits applicable to single filers.

You can convert funds from a traditional IRA or 401k plan to a Roth IRA. Conversions from other retirement accounts do not affect your 2023 contribution limit. However, they may increase your MAGI and trigger a phaseout in your Roth IRA contribution amount. People who have income restrictions and aren't eligible for Roth contributions can convert dollars from their traditional retirement plans. Discuss this possibility with a tax professional or accountant to determine if it is a good fit for your financial plan.

Ideal for: RothIRAs allow retirement savings to grow tax-free and can be withdrawn tax-free at any time. Roth IRAs are also free to be left alone. There are no minimum distributions (RMDs), so you can leave them as an inheritance or use them as a future nest egg. If you believe your retirement tax bracket will be higher, Roth accounts can be a good investment tool. It's best to pay taxes now if you believe you will be taxed more in retirement.


SEPIRAs (Simplified Employer Pension) could be another tool to help you reach retirement goals. SEP IRAs, which are profit-sharing plans, allow business owners to contribute to their employees' retirement savings as well as their own. Employers can make tax-deductible contributions for their employees through a SEP IRA.

SEP IRAs must include employees over 21 who have worked in the same employer for at least 3 years and have received compensation of at least $600 from the employer for the year. However, some plans have more restrictive eligibility requirements.

SEP IRA contribution limits can be higher than traditional IRA limits. Contributions cannot exceed 25% of eligible compensation, or $66,000 in 2023. Important to remember that contributions cannot exceed 25% of eligible compensation or $66,000.

SEP IRAs have many contribution rules and guidelines. Talk to a financial advisor or visit the IRS Guidelines page.

Ideal for: Small business owners often don't have enough employees to cover a full-fledged 401k. A SEP IRA can be a great option because it has minimal administration costs.


SIMPLEIRAs (Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees) is another option that small business owners have. These are a great option for small businesses with less than 100 employees who don't have a retirement plan. They are easy to set up and can be used by any business that has less than 100 employees. If the SIMPLE IRA is being set up, an employer cannot have another retirement plan.

SIMPLE IRAs are similar to a company-sponsored 401k. Employees can contribute via salary deferrals.

The deferral limit on a SIMPLE IRA will be $15,500 in 2023.

Employers are required to contribute a match contribution of up to 3% to the employee's compensation each year. This is based on an eligible compensation amount of $330,000 in 2023.

The following are eligible employees: Those who have earned at least $5,000 in any two years prior to the current calendar calendar year, and those who expect to earn at least $5,000 during this calendar year. You should consult a financial advisor before you withdraw from your retirement account. SIMPLE IRAs can have special penalty.

Ideal for: SIMPLEIRAs are ideal as a start up retirement savings plan for small businesses (less than 100 employees), that do not have a retirement plan. SIMPLE IRAs are typically lower than traditional retirement savings plans in terms of administrative and start-up costs. SIMPLE IRAs don't require filing, so they are easier to manage than other traditional retirement savings vehicles.

7. Self-Directed IRA

Self-Directed IRAs have similar eligibility requirements to traditional and Roth IRA options. They also follow the same contribution guidelines. Self-Directed IRAs permit investors to have assets such as private-held securities, real estate, and gold.

An investor must partner with a trustee to establish a Self-Directed IRA.

It is important that you know that certain investments, such as collectibles or life insurance, are prohibited by the IRS.

Ideal for: Because of the complexity and high fees involved in self-directed IRAs and the potential for serious problems, traditional and Roth IRAs can often be simpler options for achieving your retirement planning goals.

8. 457

Similar to 401k plans 457 plans can be offered by state, local, and non-profit governments. 457 plans can also be funded by payroll deductions. This means that the employee will get tax-deferred growth up to withdrawals.

The contribution limit for 457 plans will be $22,500 in 2023. Employees 50 years and older can add a $7,500 catch-up provision to their contribution limit.

The key difference with 457 plans is that early withdrawals prior to age 59 1/2 are exempt from penalties but still subject to ordinary income tax rates.

Participants nearing retirement may be able to make up for years they didn't contribute to the 457 plan. The IRS contains more information on 457 plans. However, it is advisable to consult the plan administrator regarding withdrawal and contribution guidelines.

9. 403(b)

403 (b) plans are retirement plans that certain employees of public schools or tax-exempt 501(c). The 403(b), which allows employees to contribute some salary to the tax-deferred plans, is also available for employers.

The following are eligible employees for the 403(b), plans: Employees who work in public schools, state universities, churches, or certain ministries.

Similar to traditional 401ks and 457s or IRAs. 403(b), retirement plans allow employees the opportunity to save for retirement. The funds will not be subject to tax until they are withdrawn.

Roth contributions are also available in 403(b), 457, and 457 plans.

Tip Personal Capital now provides retirement plan advisors as part our holistic wealth management services.

Considerations when choosing a retirement plan for 2023

There are many options available for retirement savings vehicles, as you can see. We recommend that you consult a financial advisor to determine the best investment tools for you, based on your employer's offers, your income level, and your tax-optimization goals.

These are just a few ideas:

  • Take a look at the power of time to help you retire with our study on balances in 401k by age
  • Learn 7 Essential Steps to Retirement Planning
  • Sign up for Personal Capital to get a complete view of your finances, including retirement funds, and receive free financial tools
  • Calculate your retirement readiness today

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a gold IRA account?

Gold Ira accounts are tax-free investment vehicles for people who want to invest in precious metals.

You can buy physical gold bullion coins at any time. You don’t have to wait to begin investing in gold.

An IRA lets you keep your gold for life. When you die, your gold assets won't be subjected to taxes.

Your gold will be passed on to your heirs, without you having to pay capital gains taxes. Your gold is not part of your estate and you don't have to include it in the final estate report.

To open a Gold IRA, you'll need to first set up an Individual Retirement Account (IRA). Once you've done that, you'll receive an IRA custody. This company acts as a mediator between you, the IRS.

Your gold IRA custody will take care of the paperwork and send the forms to IRS. This includes filing annual reporting.

Once you've established your gold IRA, you'll be able to purchase gold bullion coins. The minimum deposit required for gold bullion coins purchase is $1,000 The minimum deposit is $1,000. However, you will receive a higher percentage of interest if your deposit is greater.

Taxes will be charged on gold you have withdrawn from an IRA. If you're withdrawing the entire balance, you'll owe income taxes plus a 10 percent penalty.

A small percentage may mean that you don't have to pay taxes. There are exceptions. If you take out 30% of your total IRA assets or more, you will owe federal income taxes and a 20 percent penalty.

Avoid taking out more that 50% of your total IRA assets each year. A violation of this rule can lead to severe financial consequences.

Which precious metal is best to invest in?

This question depends on how risky you are willing to take, and what return you want. While gold is considered a safe investment option, it can also be a risky choice. You might not want to invest in gold if you're looking for quick returns. If you have the patience to wait, then you might consider investing in silver.

Gold is the best investment if you aren't looking to get rich quick. If you are looking for a long-term investment that will provide steady returns, silver may be a better choice.

How do I Withdraw from an IRA with Precious Metals?

First, determine if you would like to withdraw money directly from an IRA. After that, you need to decide if you want to withdraw funds from an IRA account. Next, make sure you have enough money in order for you pay any fees or penalties.

Consider opening a taxable brokerage instead of an IRA if it is possible to pay a penalty if your withdrawal is made before the deadline. You will also have to account for taxes due on any amount you withdraw if you choose this option.

Next, you'll need to figure out how much money you will take out of your IRA. This calculation is dependent on several factors like your age when you take the money out, how long you have had the account, and whether or not your plan to continue contributing.

Once you have an idea of the amount of your total savings you wish to convert into cash you will need to decide what type of IRA you want. Traditional IRAs permit you to withdraw your funds tax-free once you turn 59 1/2. Roth IRAs have income taxes upfront, but you can access the earnings later on without paying additional taxes.

Finally, you'll need to open a brokerage account once these calculations are completed. A majority of brokers offer free signup bonuses, as well as other promotions, to get people to open accounts. To avoid unnecessary fees, however, try opening an account using a debit card rather than a credit card.

When it's time to make withdrawals from your precious-metal IRA, you'll need a place to keep your coins safe. Some storage facilities will accept bullion bars, others require you to buy individual coins. Before choosing one, consider the pros and disadvantages of each.

Bullion bars are easier to store than individual coins. However, each coin will need to be counted individually. However, you can easily track the value of individual coins by storing them in separate containers.

Some prefer to keep their money in a vault. Others prefer to place them in safe deposit boxes. You can still enjoy the benefits of bullion for many years, regardless of which method you choose.

How is gold taxed in Roth IRA?

The tax on an investment account is based on its current value, not what you originally paid. So if you invest $1,000 in a mutual fund or stock and then sell it later, any gains are subject to taxes.

However, if the money is deposited into a traditional IRA/401(k), the tax on the withdrawal of the money is not applicable. Dividends and capital gains are exempt from tax. Capital gains only apply to investments more than one years old.

Each state has its own rules regarding these accounts. Maryland requires that you withdraw funds within 60 business days after reaching the age of 59 1/2. Massachusetts allows you up to April 1st. New York has a maximum age limit of 70 1/2. To avoid penalties, plan ahead so you can take distributions at the right time.

Is gold a good investment IRA option?

Any person looking to save money is well-served by gold. You can also diversify your portfolio by investing in gold. But gold has more to it than meets the eyes.

It has been used throughout the history of currency and remains a popular payment method. It's often referred to as “the world's oldest currency.”

But gold, unlike paper currency, which is created by governments, is mined out from the ground. This makes it highly valuable as it is hard and rare to produce.

The supply and demand factors determine how much gold is worth. When the economy is strong, people tend to spend more money, which means fewer people mine gold. As a result, the value of gold goes up.

On the flip side, when the economy slows down, people hoard cash instead of spending it. This increases the production of gold, which in turn drives down its value.

This is why it makes sense to invest in gold for individuals and companies. If you have gold to invest, you will reap the rewards when the economy expands.

In addition to earning interest on your investments, this will allow you to grow your wealth. In addition, you won’t lose any money if gold falls in value.


  • Gold is considered a collectible, and profits from a sale are taxed at a maximum rate of 28 percent. (aarp.org)
  • Instead, the economy improved, stocks rebounded, and gold plunged, losing 28 percent of its value in 2013. (aarp.org)
  • If you take distributions before hitting 59.5, you'll owe a 10% penalty on the amount withdrawn. (lendedu.com)
  • You can only purchase gold bars at least 99.5% purity. (forbes.com)
  • (Basically, if your GDP grows by 2%, you need miners to dig 2% more gold out of the ground every year to keep prices steady.) (smartasset.com)

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How To

The best place to buy silver or gold online

You must first understand the workings of gold before you can purchase it. Gold is a precious metallic similar to Platinum. It's very rare, and it is often used as money for its durability and resistance. It is very difficult to use and most people prefer to purchase jewelry made of it over actual bars of Gold.

There are two types today of gold coins. One is legal tender while the other is bullion. Legal tender coins are those that are intended for circulation in a country. They typically have denominations of $1, $5 or $10.

Bullion coins should only be used for investment purposes. Inflation can cause their value to increase.

They aren’t exchangeable in any currency exchange. If a person purchases $100 worth of gold, 100 grams of the gold will be given to him/her. The $100 value is $100. Each dollar spent by the buyer is worth 1 gram.

When you are looking to purchase gold, the next thing to know is where to get it. There are a few options if you wish to buy gold directly from a dealer. First off, you can go through your local coin shop. Another option is to go through a reputable site like eBay. Finally, you can look into purchasing gold through private sellers online.

Private sellers are individuals who offer to sell gold at retail or wholesale prices. You pay a commission fee between 10% and 15% for each transaction when you sell gold through private sellers. A private seller will usually return less money than a coin shop and eBay. This option is often a great one for investors in gold, as it gives you greater control over the item's value.

Another option for buying gold is to invest in physical gold. You can store physical gold much more easily than you can with paper certificates. However, it still needs to be safe. It is important to keep your physical gold safe in an impenetrable box such as a vault, safety deposit box or other secure container.

To purchase gold by yourself, you can visit a bank and a pawnshop. A bank will be able to provide you with a loan for the amount of money you want to invest in gold. The pawnshop is a small business that allows customers to borrow money to buy items. Banks charge higher interest rates than those offered by pawn shops.

Finally, another way to buy gold is to simply ask someone else to do it! Selling gold can also be done easily. You can contact a company like GoldMoney.com to set up an account and receive payments right away.

By: JJ Lester, CFP®
Title: Types of Retirement Plans for Individuals in 2023
Sourced From: www.personalcapital.com/blog/retirement-planning/types-of-retirement-plans/
Published Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2022 16:00:27 +0000

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