It's a major life change to leave your job. We don't blame if you aren't particularly excited about your employer-sponsored retirement plan. It's likely that you are still learning your way at your new job and will need to manage administrative tasks. It can be overwhelming. We urge you to look into 401k rollover options.
We will be covering different methods of transferring a 401k and the rollover process.
What is a rollover of 401k?
You can direct your 401k rollover to transfer the money from your 401k plan into a new 401k or IRA.
Optional 401k Rollover
Let's begin with what your options are when it comes to your 401k.
- Your money can be left with your former employer's 401k plan. This is the easiest option, as it basically does nothing and leaves your 401k funds right where they are.
- Transfer your assets to an individual retirement account (IRA). If you don't have one, you will need to open one. You can transfer your 401k money to an IRA if you already have one.
- Transfer your old 401k to your new employer's plan for 401k. This will allow you to continue your 401k momentum.
- Take all your 401k funds and cash them out. You'll then "take the money, run", by withdrawing a lump sum from your old 401k. You will likely have to pay income taxes on the distribution if you are under 59 1/2 and a 10% penalty. Calculate it: 401k Early Withdrawal Calculator
- You could cash out a portion your 401k, pay any taxes or penalties, and then roll it over to an IRA, your new employer's 401k, or into an IRA.
Benefits of rolling over your 401k to an IRA
One common misconception about 401k plans, is that you can continue to receive matching contributions and vest the match if your funds are left in the account after you have left the employer. Although we hate to break the news, it is true. You will not only be denied matching contributions but also you won't have the ability to contribute to your old retirement plan.
For most people, the decision is simple: Roll over your 401k assets to an IRA.
There are certain situations where a cash-out may make sense. For example, if your 401k includes stock from your company. High-income earners may encounter a taxable situation if they attempt a backdoor Roth conversion after rollingover a 401k to an IRA. Talk to your financial advisor if you feel this may be the case.
1. Rollover fees for 401k are lower
If there are additional fees, 401ks may be more expensive than IRAs. First, administrative fees. These fees are used to pay for the day-today operations of a retirement plan, such as record-keeping and accounting. Additionally, 401k investments are more costly than other investments outside of a retirement plan.
According to the Center for American Progress, 401k fees average around 1% of plan assets. Although it doesn't seem like much, let's look at a simplified example and see what impact 1% can make on your retirement assets.
Let's say you are 40 years old and have an old 401k with $150,000 of assets from a previous job. This plan has an annual expense of 1.5%. The account now has a value of more than $560,000 after 30 years (assuming a 6% compounding rate and a 1.5% fees).
A fee of 1% less, or 0.5%, would make your portfolio worth 33% more in 30 years. Your annualized net gain if you invest $150,000 in funds that charge 0.5% fees is 5.5%. This will make your $150,000 today into $750,000 over 30 years. You could increase your retirement savings by almost $200,000 by lowering your investment costs.
These plan fees are not included in IRAs, so it's worth considering a 401k transfer. Personal Capital's Fee Analyzer is free and will show you the potential impact fees have on your retirement plans.
2. Additional Investment Options
You can also roll your 401k into an IRA to increase your investment choices. After the money has settled into your IRA you and your advisor have access to thousands of ETFs or bonds, mutual funds, or individual stocks. There are many mutual funds available, but you don't have to choose from the few dozen that are typically included in a typical 401k. Here's an amazing fact: 401k plans may only offer three investment options.
Mutual funds are expensive and often underperform the market. ETFs are a tax-efficient, low-cost way to build a portfolio that is well-diversified. ETFs are low-cost investments that can help you increase your retirement security without increasing portfolio risk or savings.
Continue reading: Mutual Funds vs ETFs: What's The Difference?
Your investment time horizon, risk tolerance and other factors will all influence your decision about which asset classes to invest in. To help you determine your target allocation, and to see how your portfolio compares, use the Personal Capital Investor Checkup Tool.
You can trade within your IRA without generating reporting requirements from the IRS, just like any other retirement account. You can think of it as this: When you unload shares you are not making a distribution. Likewise, when you use profits to reinvest, you are not making a contribution. This benefit is greater in IRAs because you have more control over your investments.
Cashing out Your 401k
You can cash out any part or all of your 401k, as explained above. We don't recommend you cashing out your retirement plan if it is less than 59 1/2 years old due to the 10% tax and 10% penalty.
Cashing out a portion of your company stock investment could be a good idea. Why? The reason is that company stock has a different tax treatment if it is taken as a lump-sum distribution from a 403k. You pay ordinary income tax on any withdrawals from a retirement fund, regardless of whether you take money out of a 401k for a lump sum distribution, or to supplement your retirement income. Therefore, appreciation and income gains are treated the same way.
The company stock can, however, be distributed from a Roth 401k as an unrestricted lump sum. The ordinary income tax rate will only be applied to the stock's cost basis. Your company stock's growth is considered "net realized appreciation," or NUA. Your NUA will be subject to tax only once the stock is sold. If the stock is not sold within a year of receiving the lump sum distribution you'll pay long-term capital gains tax.
The NUA rules also require that you meet certain other requirements. You must first distribute within one year the entire vested balance in the plan, including assets from all accounts sponsored by the same employer.
Distributions cannot be converted into cash and must be taken in shares. Either you must have separated from the company or reached the minimum age to receive distributions, been injured resulting in disability or died. You must carefully review the NUA strategy. It is not suitable for all. Before you move forward, consult your tax and financial professionals.
Read more: Can I Withdraw from My 401k Or IRA Penalty Free?
How to roll over your 401k to an IRA
These steps will help you rollover your 401k into an IRA.
- If you don't already have an IRA, open one. You should choose an investment company that offers many investment options, including mutual funds and ETFs. This will allow you to achieve broad asset allocation as well as diversification.
- Tell your former employer that your 401k funds are being transferred to an IRA. You should make sure that the check is made payable to the investment company and not to you. This is known as a trustee to trustee transfer. If you do not, 20% will be automatically withheld in order to pay taxes.
- After the transfer is completed, you can choose how to invest the money to reach your retirement goals. Every person's retirement investment strategy will differ based on their goals and risk tolerance.
Most Frequently Asked Questions
What is a rollover in a 403k?
Rollovers are when funds are transferred from one eligible retirement plan into another, such as from a 401k or Rollover IRA.
Is it worth rolling over a 401k
Rolling over your 401k to an IRA account can be a worthwhile investment in many cases. You will have lower fees, more investment options and greater withdrawal flexibility.
Are You at Risk of Losing Money If You Transfer a 401k Account?
You won't lose any contributions, employer contributions, or earnings from your old 401k. You can withdraw your money at any time, but it will remain tax-deferred.
Here are some next steps for you
Register for Personal Capital's financial tools and you will have access to the Fee Analyzer. This will let you see how much investment fees you are paying. You'll also have access to the Retirement Planner when you sign up. This will let you see how likely your portfolio to support your retirement based upon your individual goals.
Consider talking to a financial advisor for guidance in your decision to transfer your old 401k.
Personal Capital: Get started
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I keep physical gold in an IRA?
Gold is money, not just paper currency or coinage. People have used gold as a currency for thousands of centuries to preserve their wealth and keep it safe from inflation. Investors today use gold to diversify their portfolios because gold is more resilient to financial turmoil.
Today, many Americans invest in precious metals such as gold and silver rather than stocks and bonds. It's not guaranteed that you'll make any money investing gold, but there are several reasons it might be worthwhile to add gold to retirement funds.
Gold has historically performed better during financial panics than other assets. The S&P 500 dropped 21 percent in the same time period, while gold prices rose by nearly 100 percent between August 2011-early 2013. During turbulent market conditions gold was one of few assets that outperformed stock prices.
The best thing about gold investing is the fact that there's virtually no counterparty risk. You still have your shares even if your stock portfolio falls. Gold can be worth more than its investment in a company that defaults on its obligations.
Finally, the liquidity that gold provides is unmatched. You can sell your gold at any time without worrying about finding a buyer, which is a major advantage over other investments. Because gold is so liquid compared to other investments, buying it in small amounts makes sense. This allows you take advantage of the short-term fluctuations that occur in the gold markets.
Is gold a good choice for an investment IRA?
For anyone who wants to save some money, gold can be a good investment. You can diversify your portfolio with gold. But there is more to gold than meets the eye.
It's been used as a form of payment throughout history. It is sometimes called the “oldest currency in the world”.
But gold is mined from the earth, unlike paper currencies that governments create. It's hard to find and very rare, making it extremely valuable.
The supply and demand factors determine how much gold is worth. When the economy is strong, people tend to spend more money, which means fewer people mine gold. Gold's value rises as a result.
The flip side is that people tend to save money when the economy slows. This leads to more gold being produced which decreases its value.
It is this reason that gold investing makes sense for businesses and individuals. If you have gold to invest, you will reap the rewards when the economy expands.
Your investments will also generate interest, which can help you increase your wealth. You won't lose your money if gold prices drop.
How much should precious metals be included in your portfolio?
To answer this question, we must first understand what precious metals are. Precious metals refer to elements with a very high value relative other commodities. This makes them very valuable in terms of trading and investment. Today, gold is the most commonly traded precious metal.
However, many other types of precious metals exist, including silver and platinum. The price for gold is subject to fluctuations, but stays relatively stable in times of economic turmoil. It also remains relatively unaffected by inflation and deflation.
As a general rule, the prices for all precious metals tend to increase with the overall market. That said, they do not always move in lockstep with each other. For example, when the economy is doing poorly, the price of gold typically rises while the prices of other precious metals tend to fall. Investors expect lower interest rates which makes bonds less appealing investments.
Contrary to this, when the economy performs well, the opposite happens. Investors are more inclined to invest in safe assets, such as Treasury Bonds, and they will not demand precious metals. Because they are rare, they become more pricey and lose value.
To maximize your profits when investing in precious metals, diversify across different precious metals. You should also diversify because precious metal prices can fluctuate and it is better to invest in multiple types of precious metals than in one.
Can I have a gold ETF in a Roth IRA
While a 401k may not offer this option for you, it is worth considering other options, such an Individual Retirement Plan (IRA).
A traditional IRA allows for contributions from both employer and employee. A Employee Stock Ownership Plan, or ESOP, is another way to invest publicly traded companies.
An ESOP gives employees tax advantages as they share the stock of the company and the profits it makes. The money invested in the ESOP is then taxed at lower rates than if it were held directly in the hands of the employee.
Also available is an Individual Retirement Annuity. An IRA lets you make regular, income-generating payments to yourself over your life. Contributions to IRAs can be made without tax.
How Do You Make a Withdrawal from a Precious Metal IRA?
First, you must decide if you wish to withdraw money from your IRA account. Next, ensure you have enough cash on hand to pay any penalties or fees that could be associated with withdrawing funds.
Consider opening a taxable brokerage instead of an IRA if it is possible to pay a penalty if your withdrawal is made before the deadline. This option is also available if you are willing to pay taxes on the amount you withdraw.
Next, figure out how much money will be taken out of your IRA. This calculation depends on several factors, including the age when you withdraw the money, how long you've owned the account, and whether you intend to continue contributing to your retirement plan.
Once you have an idea of the amount of your total savings you wish to convert into cash you will need to decide what type of IRA you want. Traditional IRAs allow you to withdraw funds tax-free when you turn 59 1/2 while Roth IRAs charge income taxes upfront but let you access those earnings later without paying additional taxes.
Finally, you'll need to open a brokerage account once these calculations are completed. Brokers often offer promotional offers and signup bonuses to encourage people into opening accounts. Avoid unnecessary fees by opening an account with your debit card, rather than your credit card.
When you do finally decide to withdraw from your precious metallic IRA, you will need a safe space where you can safely store your coins. Some storage facilities can accept bullion bar, while others require you buy individual coins. You'll have to weigh the pros of each option before you make a decision.
For example, storing bullion bars requires less space because you aren't dealing with individual coins. But, each coin must be counted separately. However, you can easily track the value of individual coins by storing them in separate containers.
Some people prefer to keep coins safe in a vault. Others prefer to place them in safe deposit boxes. Whatever method you choose to store your bullion, you should ensure it is safe and secure so you can enjoy its many benefits for many years.
Who has the gold in a IRA gold?
The IRS considers an individual who owns gold as holding “a form of money” subject to taxation.
You must have gold at least $10,000 and it must be stored for at the least five years in order to take advantage of this tax-free status.
The purchase of gold can protect you from inflation and price volatility. But it's not smart to hold it if your only intention is to use it.
You will need to declare the value of gold if you intend on selling it one day. This could impact how capital gains taxes you owe for cash investments.
It is a good idea to consult an accountant or financial planner to learn more about your options.
- Contribution limits$6,000 (49 and under) $7,000 (50 and up)$6,000 (49 and under) $7,000 (50 and up)$58,000 or 25% of your annual compensation (whichever is smaller) (lendedu.com)
- (Basically, if your GDP grows by 2%, you need miners to dig 2% more gold out of the ground every year to keep prices steady.) (smartasset.com)
- This is a 15% margin that has shown no stable direction of growth but fluctuates seemingly at random. (smartasset.com)
- You can only purchase gold bars at least 99.5% purity. (forbes.com)
- If you accidentally make an improper transaction, the IRS will disallow it and count it as a withdrawal, so you would owe income tax on the item's value and, if you are younger than 59 ½, an additional 10% early withdrawal penalty. (forbes.com)
- 7 U.S. Code SS7 – Designation Boards of Trade as Contract Markets
- 26 U.S. Code SS 408 – Individual retirement accounts
- Saddam Hussein's InvasionHelped Uncage a Bear in 1990 – WSJ
- Are you interested in keeping gold in your IRA at-home? It's not legal – WSJ
- Gold IRA – Add Sparkle to Your Retirement Nest Egg
- Understanding China's Evergrande Crisis – Forbes Advisor
Tips for Investing in Gold
One of the most sought-after investment strategies is investing in gold. There are many advantages to investing in Gold. There are several ways to invest in gold. There are many ways to invest in gold. Some prefer buying physical gold coins while others prefer gold ETFs (Exchange Traded Funds).
Before you buy any type of gold, there are some things that you should think about.
- First, check to see if your country permits you to possess gold. If you have permission to possess gold in your country, you can then proceed. You can also look at buying gold abroad.
- The second thing you need to do is decide what type of gold coins you want. You have options: you can choose from yellow gold, white or rose gold.
- Thirdly, you should take into consideration the price of gold. It is best to begin small and work your ways up. One thing that you should never forget when purchasing gold is to diversify your portfolio. Diversify your investments in stocks, bonds or real estate.
- You should also remember that gold prices can change often. It is important to stay up-to-date with the latest trends.
By: Brian Cocos, CFP®
Title: 401k Rollover
Sourced From: www.personalcapital.com/blog/retirement-planning/401k-rollover/
Published Date: Fri, 11 Nov 2022 16:00:16 +0000